HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN IBU DAN ASUPAN (MAKRONUTRIEN DAN MIKRONUTRIEN) DENGAN STATUS GIZI PADA BALITA USIA 12 – 24 BULAN DI KELURAHAN AIA PACAH WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS AIR DINGIN PADANG TAHUN 2018
Nutrition problems that still happen from year to year. According to the 2015 report about 870 million people from 7.1 billion of the world’s population or 1 in eight people of the world got malnutrition. In 2013, there were 19.6% of children 5.7 among them who were malnourished and from that number there were 5.7% of children got malnutrition. In Padang city especially on community health center Aia Dingin is an area with the highest malnutrition coverage of 7.2%. The urpose of this study was to determine the relationship between mother knowledge and intake (macronutrients and micronutrients) with nutritional status in children aged 12-24 months in the Aia Pacah village which is the working area of the Aia Dingin Padang community healt center in 2018. The type of this research is analytic with cross sectional study design. Population in this study is all month who have children age 12-24 month in Aia Pacah village has agregate 191 children under five in community healt centers of Aia Dingin Padang. This research using simple random sampling technique. This study was conducted in March-June 2018. Univariate analysis was displayed in the form of frequency distribution tables and bivariate analysis using chi square test. The results of this research showed that 22.7% there were under weigh nutritional status, 34.8% had low knowledge, had a 33.3% intake of carbhohydrate deficiency, 7.6% protein, 40.9% fat,and had a 30.3% intake of Vitamin A deficiency, 47% Vitamin D, 51.5% Kalsium, 6.1% Magnesium, 39.4% Phosphorus, 28.8% Zinc, and 43.9% deficiency in Fe. There is a relationship between Knowledge ,Protein, Fat,Vitamin A,Vitamin D, Calcim, Phosphorus, Zinc, Fe with nutritional status of children and there is no related of carbhohydrate intake and magnesium intake with nutritional status.The result of this research expected to the next researcher can add references in the development of nutrition science, especially related to malnutrition and early detection and monitoring of nutritional status in children under five and it is expected that further research can conduct research on other factors that contribute to nutritional status in children under five and conduct multivariate analysis of related factors.
Bibliography : 28 (2006 - 2016)
Keywords : Knowledge, Intake Makrpnutrien, Intake Mikronutrien and Nutritional status
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