Madu sebagai Terapi Komplementer Mengatasi Diare pada Anak Balita

  • Rifka Putri Andayani Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan MERCUBAKTIJAYA Padang, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia
Keywords: balita, diare, madu, diarrhea, honey, under five children

Abstract

Diare menimbulkan dampak bagi kesehatan anak salah satunya adalah dehidrasi. Pemberian madu bermanfaat dalam menurunkan frekuensi diare anak. Madu memiliki kandungan antibakteri, antiinflamasi, dan antivirus yang dapat mengatasi diare. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektifitas madu terhadap frekuensi diare anak balita. Desain penelitian ini quasi experiment pre test and post test nonequivalent without control group pada 20 responden. Madu diberikan 3 kali sehari sebanyak 5 ml dan ORS diberikan setiap anak diare. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa frekuensi diare menurun setelah diberikan madu (p<0,001). Madu dapat dijadikan salah satu alternatif terapi yang dapat diterapkan oleh perawat anak di ruang rawat inap anak untuk menurunkan frekuensi diare pada anak.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdulrhman, M. A., Mekawy, M. A., Awadalla, M. M., & Mohamed, A. H. (2010). Bee Honey Added to the Oral Rehydration Solution in Treatment of Gastroenteritis in Infants and Children 1 1. Journal of Medicinal Food, 13(3), 605–609. https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2009.0075.

Adane, M., Mengistie, B., Kloos, H., Medhin, G., & Mulat, W. (2017). Sanitation facilities , hygienic conditions , and prevalence of acute diarrhea among under- five children in slums of Addis Ababa , Ethiopia : Baseline survey of a longitudinal study. PLoS ONE, 12(8), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0182783.

Carvajal, L., Amouzou, A., Perin, J., Maïga, A., Tarekegn, H., Akinyemi, A., … Newby, H. (2016). Diarrhea management in children under five in sub-Saharan Africa : does the source of care matter ? A Countdown analysis. BMC Public Health, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3475-1.

Cholid, S., & Santosa, B. (2011). Pengaruh Pemberian Madu pada Diare Akut. Sari Pediatri, 12(5), 289–295.

Elnady, H. G., Abdalmoneam, N., Aly, N. A., Saleh, M. T., Sherif, L. S., & Kholoussi, S. (2013). Honey. Medical Research Journal, 12(1), 12–16. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.MJX.0000429690.01738.8e

Huda, M. (2013). Pengaruh Madu Terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri Gram Positif ( Staphylococcus Aureus ) Dan Bakteri Gram Negatif ( Escherichia Coli ) Effect On The Growth Of Honey gram-positive bacteria ( Staphylococcus aureus ) and Gram-negative bacteria ( Escherichia coli ). Jurnal Analis Kesehatan, 2(1), 250–259.

Kemenkes. (2011). Panduan Sosialisasi Tatalaksana Diare Balita. Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Pengendalian Penyakit dan Penyehatan Lingkungan.

Kemenkes. (2017). Profil Kesehatan Indonesia. Jakarta.

Khan, I. U., Dubey, W., & Gupta, V. (2014). Medicinal Properties of Honey : A Review. Int. J. Pure App. Biosci., 2(5), 149–156.

Kianmehr, M., Saber, A., Moshari, J., Ahmadi, R., & Basiri-moghadam, M. (2016). The Effect of G-ORS Along With Rice Soup in the Treatment of Acute Diarrhea in Children : A Single-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial. Nurs Midwifery Study, 5(2),0–6. https://doi.org/10.17795/nmsjournal25852.

Mansouri-Tehrani, H. ., Khorasgani, M. R., & Roayaei, M. (2018). Effects of Probiotics with or without Honey on Radiation-induced Diarrhea Effects of Probiotics with or without Honey on Radiation-induced Diarrhea. International Journal of Radiation Research, 14(3), 205–213. https://doi.org/10.18869/acadpub.ijrr.14.3.205.

Oskouei, T., & Najafi, M. (2013). Traditional and Modern Uses of Natural Honey in Human Diseases : A Review. Irian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 16(6), 731–742.

Pasupuleti, V. R., Sammugam, L., Ramesh, N., & Gan, S. H. (2017). Honey, Propolis, and Royal Jelly: A Comprehensive Review of Their Biological Actions and Health Benefits. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity,1–21. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1259510.

Puspitayani, D., & Fatimah, L. (2014). Pengaruh Pemberian Madu terhadap Penurunan Frekuensi Diare Anak Balita. Jurnal Edu Health, 4(2), 68–71.

Putra, A. M & Andriani, Y. (2017). Pengaruh Penggunaan Madu dengan Proses Penyembuhan Ulkus Diabetikum pada Penderita Diabetes Mellitus. Jurnal Kesehatan Perintis, 4(1), 19-25. https://jurnal.stikesperintis.ac.id/index.php/JKP/article/view/226.

Saha, S. (2015). Honey-The natural sweetener become a promising alternative therapeutic: a review. South Indian Journal of Biological Sciences, 1(2), 103–114.

Samarghandian, S., Farkhondeh, T., & Samini, F. (2018). Honey and Health : A Review of Recent Clinical Research. Pharmacognosy Research, 9(2), 121–127. https://doi.org/10.4103/0974-8490.204647.

Sharif, A., Noorian, A., Sharif, M. R., & Taghavi, A. (2017). A randomized clinical trial on the effect of honey in the acute gastroenteritis. Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science, 5(6), 144–148. https://doi.org/10.24896/jrmds.20175625.

Vallianou, N. G., Gounari, P., Skourtis, A., Panagos, J., & Kazazis, C. (2014). Honey and its Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-Bacterial and Anti-Oxidant Properties. General Medicine: Open Access, 02(02), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.4172/2327-5146.1000132.

Zulhawa, D. J., & Dewi, N. H. (2014). Daya hambat madu Sumbawa terhadap pertumbuhan Staphylococcus aureus isolat infeksi luka operasi. Biofarmasi, 12(1), 40–44. https://doi.org/10.13057/biofar/f120105.

Published
2020-07-12
How to Cite
Andayani, R. (2020). Madu sebagai Terapi Komplementer Mengatasi Diare pada Anak Balita. JURNAL KESEHATAN PERINTIS (Perintis’s Health Journal), 7(1), 64-68. https://doi.org/10.33653/jkp.v7i1.393